What we grow
Over 125 different fruit and vegetable crops are grown in Ontario with an estimated annual farm gate value of more than $1.6 billion.
- Fruit: apples, grapes, peaches, apricots, blueberries, melons, cherries, nectarines, pears, plums, raspberries, strawberries and more.
- Vegetables: potatoes, sweet corn, peas, field tomatoes, asparagus, beans, beets, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, celery, cucumbers, leeks, lettuce, onions, parsnips, peppers, pumpkins, squash, radishes, rhubarb, rutabagas, spinach, and zucchini. The most common are potatoes, sweet corn, peas and field tomatoes.
- Greenhouse: tomatoes, cucumbers and peppers.
- Emerging crops include sweet potatoes, ginseng and others.
- Ontario farmers and researchers are currently evaluating vegetable crops popular with South Asian consumers and determining which varieties can be grown and marketed in Ontario. This includes round eggplant, tomatillo, bottle gourd, daikon radish, red carrots, maca, okra, Asian eggplant and yard long beans.
Jobs and economic impact
- The sector supports 30,000 on-farm, non-family jobs in rural Ontario, as well as a further 8,700 jobs specific to horticulture and specialty crops.
- The largest industry sector is greenhouse vegetables, with an estimated annual farm gate value of $782 million. Ontario is one of North America’s biggest greenhouse vegetable producing areas.
- Norfolk County is Canada’s number one producer of asparagus, cabbage, sour cherries, ginseng, peppers, pumpkins, squash, zucchini, strawberries and sweet corn (according to 2011 census data).
- Norfolk County is Ontario’s number one producer of blueberries, rye and Saskatoon berries (according to 2011 census data).